Over the past decade, the architecture of facades has experienced a substantial transformation propelled by advancements in technology, heightened environmental consciousness, and the imperative for sustainable construction. The future of facades looks bright with numerous possibilities on the horizon. The next decade promises to bring even more cutting-edge innovations in facade design, including new materials, designs, and technologies that will continue to transform the way buildings look and function. In this article, Ar. Robin Sisodiya, Founder and Principal Architect of Asro Arcade, curates the top trends and predictions for the next decade in house facade design.
Sustainable Materials & Energy Efficiency
One of the biggest trends in facade design is the use of sustainable materials and energy-efficient solutions. The architecture of facades plays a critical role in the energy consumption of a built form. By using materials that reduce the carbon footprint, architects can create sustainable buildings that are better for the environment. Materials such as timber, bamboo, and recycled materials like steel and glass are being used in facade design to reduce environmental impact. Innovative options such as bioplastics, wood plastic composite, or clay bricks can be used in combination with other sustainable materials to create environmentally friendly facades.
Biophilic design is a method of integrating natural elements and materials into architectural design with the objective of establishing a connection between people and nature while enhancing their well-being. Facades that incorporate natural materials such as wood, stone, and greenery can help to create a calming environment that promotes mental and physical health. Green facades and green roofs can also contribute to improved thermal comfort and air quality in the interiors. The parametric facades that emulate forms of nature are one of the biggest trends that are expected to flourish in the next decade.
Advancements in technology are driving new possibilities in the architecture of facades. Digital fabrication and 3D printing are allowing architects to create complex and intricate facades that were once impossible to achieve. These technologies are also making it easier to create sustainable facades by using materials more efficiently and reducing waste. Copper platinas can be fabricated using digital techniques, allowing architects to create customized patterns and designs that add a unique character to a building's facade. They can be used in combination with other technological advancements like smart glass to create dynamic and energy-efficient facades.
Smart facades are becoming increasingly popular, thanks to advancements in building automation and the Internet of Things (IoT). Smart facades are designed to adapt to changing weather conditions, regulate temperature and lighting, and improve energy efficiency. These facades can also be programmed to respond to occupant needs, such as adjusting lighting levels or opening and closing windows. Smart glass panels, for instance, enable us to actively control daylight and solar heat, enhancing occupants' comfort and significantly reducing energy consumption.
In conclusion, the future of facades is looking bright, with a focus on sustainability, biophilic design, technological advancements, and smart solutions. Architects and designers who embrace these trends and incorporate them into their designs will be at the forefront of the next decade's house facade design.